How do employees make redundancy claims in liquidation?
The liquidator will inform the Redundancy Payments Service (RPS) of the redundancies either before the liquidation, or as soon as is practical afterwards.
The RPS will then provide the liquidator with a case reference, this is normally within two weeks. The liquidator will forward the case reference to employees, along with a fact sheet offering some guidance. You will use this reference number to complete your redundancy claim online. The form should take approximately 30 minutes to complete.
Read our guide for more details on employees rights and claim amounts.
Can you tell me how much I can claim for?
Your entitlements will depend upon your age and how long you have worked for the company, however generally speaking, you will likely be entitled to claim for redundancy pay, unpaid wages, any outstanding holiday pay, where applicable, notice pay and any unpaid pension contributions. Read our guide for more details on each.
How long does it take to receive the money from my liquidation claim?
This largely depends on how quickly the RPS processes the claims, but it aims to pay within 3 to 6 weeks of receiving the claim. Hopefully this will mean that your claim will be paid out within 8 weeks of the liquidation.
Will I receive all the money I am claiming?
Unfortunately, you may not receive all the money owed to you. The national insurance fund has a limit on what it will pay out. As of April 2017, this is limited to £489 per week (this figure does increase annually).
If you earn more than £489 per week, the Redundancy Payments Service will pay you £489 per week and the balance will need to be claimed in the liquidation.
For example, if you are owed 5 weeks’ wages and earn £500 per week:
TOTAL CLAIM: £500 x 5 weeks = £2,500
RPS Limit: £489 x 5 weeks = £2,445
This means you will receive £2,445 (before tax and NI) and the remaining £55 will need to be claimed from the liquidator.
However, as your employer has gone into liquidation, it is often unlikely that the liquidator will be able to realise enough funds to pay all creditors in full. Therefore, if you are owed more money than the RPS can pay, it can be unlikely that you will receive all the money owed to you.
What if I work variable hours?
In this case, a week’s pay will be calculated by taking an average of the number of hours worked in each week for the 12 weeks before redundancy.
Can I claim for unpaid business expenses in liquidation from the national insurance fund?
Unfortunately, if you have paid out for expenses that you were planning to claim back from your employer, such as petrol, this will not be paid by the RPS. These expenses will be an unsecured claim in the liquidation meaning that they are treated in the same way as other creditors.
I was a director of the liquidated company. Can I make a redundancy claim?
As long as you were an employee of the company then you should be entitled to make a claim like any other employee. It is likely that as a director you will need to prove your status as an employee. Examples of proof are a contract of employment, and receiving pay under the PAYE scheme. Read more about director’s redundancy in liquidation.
If you have any more questions about redundancy in liquidation please contact one of our business rescue experts directly.